Bhakra Dam | Complete Guide
Bhakra Dam Situated On Satluj River At The region of Himachal Pradesh, The Bhakra Dam is the highest straight gravity Dam within the world. The view of this vast dam and the surrounding jungles is So incredible and That is Why a lot of tourist visits this amazing place to take the glance of this engineering marvel.
The Bhakra Dam is 4 decades previous and it lies within the Bhakra village of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh which is regarding 13 kilometers upstream from the Nangal administrative district. the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. Which is a 90 km long reservoir. Which is India’s Third Largest Reservoir. Its reservoir is known as ” Gobind Sagar Lake ” Which Can stores up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water.
Nangal Dam: Nangal Dam is Situated On downstream of Bhakra Dam At The Distance of 14 Kms
Note: Bhakra Dam Is Situated In Himachal Pradesh And The Nangal Dam Is Situated In Punjab
|Official name||Bhakra Dam|
|Location||Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India|
|Construction cost||Rs.245.28 crore in 1963|
|Dams And Slipways|
|Type of dam||Concrete gravity|
|Height||741 ft (226 m)|
|Length||1,700 ft (520 m)|
|Width (crest)||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|Width (base)||625 ft (191 m)|
|Spillway type||Controlled, overflow|
|Creates||Gobind Sagar Reservoir|
|Total capacity||9.340 km3|
|Surface area||168.035 km2|
|Turbines||5 x 108 MW, 5 x 157 MW Francis-type|
|Installed capacity||1325 MW|
|Total length||1700 feet|
The Bhakra Dam is one of the earliest river valley development schemes started by India nation after independence although the project had been planned long before India became a free nation. The construction of this dam was started in 1948 when Jawahar Lal Nehru poured the first bucket of concrete into the foundations of Bhakra. The dam was completed by the end of 1963 and its construction was established by Sir Louis Dane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab.
Features & Benefits Of Bhakra Dam:
The dam retains excess water during the monsoon and provides a controlled release during the year. It also stops the damage due to monsoon floods. The Bhakra Canal fed by this reservoir provides irrigation water in Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan to 10 million acres (40,000 km2) of farmland.
Water flows from Bhakra Dam Reaches To Nangal dam Where Water Is controlled And Released Into Nangal Hydel Channel Which is Later Becomes Bhakra Main Line after Ganguwal and Kotla power plants. Situated in Punjab
The Bhakra Dam is flowing from the Gobind Sagar Lake downstream to control and release the water into the Nangal Hydel Canal that is then transformed into the Bhakra Main Line after the Ganguwal and Kotla power plants.
2. Electricity Generation
Bhakra Dam Is Also a Hydropower station and also used to produce Electricity.
Bhakra Dam has ten power generators with five on each side. Generators for the left powerhouse were originally supplied by Hitachi, Japan and upgraded to the present capacity by Sumitomo, Hitachi, and Andritz. Generators for the right side were supplied by the Soviet Union originally and subsequently upgraded by Russia to current capacity.
The total capacity of both power stations is 1325 MW. The left powerhouse contains 3 x 108 MW and 2 x 126 MW Francis turbines while the right has 5 x 157 MW. The power produced at Bhakra Dam is distributed among partner states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Chandigarh, and Delhi.
The two watercourses Nangal Hydel Channel and Anandpur Sahib Hydel channel from the Nangal dam have three additional power stations. Three more power stations. Their capacity for generation is Ganguwal-77.65 MW, Kotla-77.65 MW, and Anandpur-134 MW.
Gobind Sagar Lake (Bhakra Dam Reservoir)
The Bhakra Dam Reservoir, Gobind Sagar Lake is The house fish of various species, including the Mahseer at risk. The local fisherman’s commercial fishing in Gobind Sagar is also popular.
Adventure Activities Near Bhakra
Tourists visiting Bhakra Dam also enjoy water sports on the renowned Gobind Lake.
The lakes formed from the Bhakra Dam on the Sutlej River are artificial. The lake is quite popular for sports such as water skiing, sailing, kayaking, and water scooter racing. The holy sanctuary of Naina Devi with a panoramic view of Lake Gobind and the jungle safari, the nearby sanctuary can also be visited.
The Bhakra Dam is the second tallest Dam in Asia, built across the Sutlej River, Having 225.55 meters (740 feet) high, besides the Tehri River, which is located in India, Himachal Pradesh. The Gobind Sagar Lake Which Is reservoir Of Bhakra Dam stocks up to 9,34 milliards of cubic meters of water that is enough For Irrigation For all of Haryana, Punjab, and Delhi. The dam has a water storage capacity of 12.22 billion cubic meters of water, the second-largest reservoir in India, the first one being the Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh.
The dam was built to prevent flooding in the Valley of the Sutlej-Beas river, to provide rivers and hydroelectricity for neighboring countries. Because of its huge size and uniqueness, it has become a major tourist spot in Bilaspur. The Bhakra Dam is three times taller than the Qutab Minar and occupies an important position on the map of India.
Engineering comes to perfection in the Bhakra Dam, which is virtually the central nervous system of northern India. The dam provides power to the whole region and assists the management of industry, company homes, etc. It offers an incredible view of the Sutlej River and stands magnificently in the middle of Shivalik’s natural beauty.
Bhakra Board of Management was established from 1 October 1967 on Bhakra Nangal Project management, maintenance, and service. It manages the operation of both the dams. Its members are appointed by the government of India and by the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Chandigarh.
Bhakra’s board was re-appointed on 15 May 1976 to the Bhakra Beas board of management (BBMB) to manage reservoirs on the Beas River as well. Since then, the Board of Bhakra Beas is active in the management of water and energy resources for Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi and the state of Chandigarh from Bhakra Nangal Projects and Beas Projects.
The Board of Management of Bhakra Beas controls, operates and manages Bhakra Dam, DHP, Pong Dam, Ganguwal and Kotla power plants.
Being India’s fourth-largest dam after the Tehri dam, its reservoir attracts many visitors. Visitors to Bhakra-Nangal Dam have however been banned since 2009 for safety reasons.